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Linux in a Nutshell

This directory of Linux commands is from Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition.

Click on any of the 687 commands below to get a description and list of available options. All links in the command summaries point to the online version of the book on Safari Bookshelf.

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esd

esd [options]

Start the Enlightened Sound Daemon, also called EsounD, a sound-mixing daemon that allows multiple applications to access a single audio device at one time.

Options

-d devicename

Use the specified device devicename. Some common sound devices are /dev/dsp and /dev/dsp2.

-b

Play eight-bit sound.

-r rate

Specify the sample rate for the server.

-as n

After n seconds of inactivity, release the audio device. Set to -1 for "never."

-unix

Use UNIX domain sockets. Default is TCP/IP.

-tcp

Use TCP/IP sockets. This is the default.

-public

Allow remote systems to access the daemon over TCP/IP.

-promiscuous

Disable authentication. Not recommended.

-terminate

When last client exits, quit.

-nobeeps

Do not beep when starting.

-beeps

Beep when starting.

-trust

Allow esd to start even if the /tmp/.esd directory may be insecure.

-port n

Listen on TCP/IP port n.

-bind address

Bind to the TCP/IP address specified.

-v, --version

Print version information and quit.